The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay examples
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The City-state of Rome became a republic in 509 BC. Rome fought numerous battles to become what it was at its height. It all started with the Punic wars. After they won, there was no stopping them. By the first century BC, Rome controlled most of the known world. (Mahoney, 2001) With Augustus Caesar began the two centuries of the Pax Romana. During this time all of Rome became a collection of states rather than conquered provinces. The only threats that ever came were from the unorganized barbarian tribes who's conquest brought nothing to the Empire. (Mahoney, 2001) The rise of the Roman Empire had many contributors. These factors would include strength in the military, society, leadership, religious, and architectural aspects of the…show more content…
Emperor Hadrian concentrated more on how the Empire was run verses making it larger. He also helped start the Pax Romana (Roman Peace). (Mahoney, 2001) The fourth factor was the amazing engineers, inventors, and architects in the Empire. By 200 AD the Romans had built 53,000 miles of roads throughout the Empire. The very first was built in 312 BC. They also invented sewers, central heating systems, and the first types of concrete. (Mahoney, 2001) The last of all the factors was religion. The Romans worshiped around 30,000 gods in all. These included the major gods and goddesses such as Jupiter, the chief god, Neptune, god of the sea, Venus, goddess of love and beauty, and Minerva, goddess of wisdom and war. Each household also worshipped their own protective spirits. After Caesar's death, the emperors were considered gods too. People all over the empire were allowed to worship their own local gods as long as they paid homage to the Roman gods. The people built large temples for worship of their different gods. They looked to the gods to help protect their families and lives. This also helped when going into battle. How could you not win with so many gods on your side? (Mahoney, 2001) As you have read, many things attributed to the rise of the Empire. Many things also attributed to its fall as well. These included poor leadership, economic trouble, as well as growth aspects. (Mahoney, 2001) The Empire began with great leaders, but they
The Causes And Effects On The Rise And Fall Of The Roman Empire
The Roman Empire was a significant period of the human history that was prospered for about seven hundred years. The Roman Empire was collapsed in 476 A.D due to many external and internal causes. The causes and the effects of how the Roman Empire was risen and fallen will be discussed in the short essay.
Reasons for rise of the Roman Empire
The geographical location of the Rome and the natural resources it had been given by the nature were significant causes for the Roman Empire to rise in the rising age. The empire was located between powerful civilisations and being located right on the Mediterranean Sea was a great opportunity for development.
There were powerful emperors who ruled the Roman Empire such as Julius Ceases who were very good at developing the empire on its military power and building the Rome as a great city. The other emperors such as Augustus Octavian and Paz Romana contributed their expertise knowledge and thinking to get the Rome in to Golden age.
Reasons for fall of the Roman Empire
The economic problems were one of the major reasons that caused the Roman Empire to be fallen. There were higher inflation rates and the currency used in the Roman Empire started being weak. The Roman Empire allocated a larger percentage of its money to military and defence activities which caused them to raise the tax rates. Due to the slave labour availability, lots of Romans lost their jobs as the slave labour was cheaper. This caused to collapse the Roman Empire’s economic system. The Roman Empire kept expanding its geographical extent using military acquisitions. When there were more locations acquired, the empire had to allocate more money and human labour to defend the borders. Since the civilians in the conquered areas, hated the Romans, the rebellions were becoming a constant problem. This over expansion caused to break the structure of the wealth management in the empire.
The invasions done by the barbarian tribes were another major reason for the Roman Empire to be collapsed. Rome had been involved in military activities with the Germanic tribes for a long time and in 300 A.D, the barbarian groups had intruded beyond the borders of the Roman Empire. By the year 410, the Visigoth king Alaric had successfully taken over the city of Rome. And finally in year 476 A.D, the leader in Germany Odoacer took a violently driven approach against the Roman Emperor Romulus Augustulus and took over the Roman Empire. After that there were no Roman emperors who had the chance to gain any positions in Italy which marks 476 as the deathblow year of the Roman Empire.